What's the Maximum landing rate for any commercial airline?

And also what landing rate can judge your landing as smooth

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Try to aim for less than 200 vs

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For heavys i use that but small aircraft i use less…but what about the maximum certified landing rates?

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That I don’t know

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Isn’t that very hard?

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I can tell you an American MD-83 landing at MCI comes in at about 170kt. Worst landing ever, would of rather been on Ryanair.

They also measure the landings on G-force. If your landing is above a certain level of Gs on touchdown, the engineers will need to carry out a heavy landing check.

From memory, on the A320, hitting at 1.6G or more may win you a cup of tea and biscuits with the engineers.
My friend got a roasting for pulling 1.9G during line training at Cyprus Airways - thankfully he improved fast and got away with it.

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So what’s the best range for the G’s

They only measure in terms of G-Force for hard landings, the VS doesn’t matter. The aircraft has to be inspected if the landing exceeds a certain amount of G-force.

As much as i understand you do you mean a VS ,of -100 can be a hard landing?

Was the hard touchdown needed? I would much rather having the aircraft down in the proper place than worrying about a 1.9G landing, it’s not that bad in the grand scheme of things. I wouldn’t roast him if he had a valid reason to do it, aircraft are built to take a certain amount of abuse.

…But are the passengers?

This make me ask…i do understand that when the runway’s wet they intentionally make hard landings…but how hard is it?

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G-Force in this context is measured in terms of vertical deceleration by the aircraft on landing. If the landing gear has little give, a -100 ft/min VS can mean a landing with G-forces past manufacturer limits. If the vertical deceleration from 1.66 m/s (-100 ft/min) takes place in less than .085 seconds, then the landing G-force will be either at or above 2G with a deceleration rate of either at or above 19.612 m/s^2 (2G).

2G? Definitely, our bodies can take a massive amount of force. Our bodies might not like it, but it can do it if it has to.

Let’s say we’re landing at LCY, you have the option of taking a harder landing in the DZ, or floating further down and get a soft landing, which one would you take?

No, he was doing patterns at Larnaca during his first ever time flying the A320 and made a boo boo, simple as that.

They took him back for some time in the sim, he did a few hours with the instructors and passed with flying colours next time out.
He’s now at a middle eastern airline flying A330s and keeping out of trouble!

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I can see it happening if he pulled the power back too early or panicking and pushing the nose down in flare. Thanks for the little tidbit, appreciate it. :)

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ofcourse every sane person will do this