What to avoid while making a flight plan?

I cant decide over which areas i have to fly all the way to my destination. I often see flights dont fly in straight direction all the way to their destination. They travel in a path where they have to take a lot of turns (talking about cruising part of flight, not talking about SIDs and STARs). So i want to know what do they actually avoid when they are not travelling in straight lines? One option could be bad weather, and what else?

another reason can be restrictions that some Airspaces are Closed for Airlines because of war or something else. it could also be some political things that some airlines can fly through an air space and some not

There are airways, which are lines between VOR and NDB beacons, and sometimes fixes that are based on radials from beacons. I believe many flight plans would follow these airways which are published on special charts.

And be aware that some NOTAMS are not displayed, such as the one in the country of Afghanistan, so follow realistic flight plan procedures. If you’re flying Qatar Airways avoid UAE airspace and if your flying Emirates avoid Qatar airspace.

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Well why don’t planes in real life go straight to a destination? Well because most people wouldn’t like a bunch of planes flying around all over, they’d like a specific path or paths to fly through.

Yeaht the Qatar/Emirates thing. Also avoiding North Korean Airspace is an thing for most Airlines

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https://skyvector.com/

Click on the Enroute buttons on this webpage to see examples of airways charts.


Yeah here in this screenshot you can see the Airspaces have kind of “Roads” they follow.

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Yeah that’s not a thing anymore

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The countries of the Middle East re-established connections with Qatar and vice versa several months ago, there are several flights a day by Qatar Airways to Dubai, there are no more overflight restrictions.

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Oh alright, thanks for the clarification.

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That notam is gone.

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