What is pitch?

So I am having trouble landing with back gear first and not at the same time or nose gear first. I can land just not back gear first. I have looked around at other tutorials on the forum, youtube, etc and most of them talk about pitch while landing. My question is “what is pitch”?. Like some people are talking 4 degree pitch or 7 degree pitch and I have no clue what they mean.


Well, it all depends on speed I suggest landing around 170-175 knots. And that will help with landing back wheels first.

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I land at about 150-160 knots on all aircraft and don’t have a problem. What is pitch and how do you know if you are at a 4,6,7,15,etc degree pitch? Does pitch help you land back gear first?


That is not good advice at all and way to fast. You haven’t even specified on which aircraft


170=upset passengers


I mostly land on the A321 and 737 sometimes the 777-300 ER. Now back on topic please


Pitch is the nose angle. 145-150kts full flaps should hold the nose up (pitch up). Rear gear should touch first.image


Ok thanks. What if I am below 145 knots with full flaps will it still land rear gear first? And how do you know how many degrees your pitch is? Does it tell you?

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Any wide body aircraft, that’s what I do and I get perfect landings.

If you turn on the HUD, each line indicates 5 degrees. When landing airliners pitch generally isn’t more than 5 degrees

Are you talking about flare or pitch?

Ok so each line is 5 degrees from the glide slope?

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Pitch. Don’t really know what flare is though

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It’s a bit different for each aircraft. Weight plays a big roll in this. I can land a 747 at 140-145 but I won’t go lower than that or I’ll stall.

Flare is pitching or tilting the nose up right before landing. It ensures that the rear gear touch first. It also slows the aircraft.


As your speed decreases, less airflow over your wings hence the increased pitch (look it up). In order not to stall the aircraft, flaps are extended to increase the surface area of the wing, hence enabling the plane to maintain a slower speed without pitching up excessively. Compare descending at 160kts with flaps 10 and flaps 30, you will get the picture.


The problem is when I pitch up my altitude increases…:(

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That means you’re going a little too fast. Some practice and you will get the feel for it

I can only picture that scenario as stalling

A term I use:

More Flaps Less Speed

I see this everytime on TS1. People land +170kts with Full Flaps. That’s not a good way to land. High speeds with Full Flaps or Flaps at any degree causes unnecessary lift and causes the front of the aircraft be lower than the rear.