Very low visibility landings

Hey everyone.

I recently tried some landings in heavy aircraft with super low visibility (400 m)

I didn’t have APPR, and I wanted to land it manually. I tried short final, which was pretty easy, but I quickly failed when doing a longer final.

My question:

How can I make it easier to land in very low visibility? Use the ILS? What about when it’s windy? Thanks everyone!


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Use Autopilot… Best answer


Correct me if I am wrong but when there’s really low visibility, bellow 10SM of visibility you use APPR to land, not sure when the conditions are windy…


I try to use the flightplan as a guidance towards the runway. As soon as I’m established on the glidepath I simply try to follow it. The autopilot can be helpful there. I don’t like to use it though because it’s not very accurate without APPR.

In a real world scenario nobody would land, though. Take a look at KJFK. Every inbound airplane diverted towards another airplane. It’s way to dangerous to land there in real life right now.

Use the glideslope indicator and the localizer needle. Using both of these features will get you to the runway. Make minor adjustments to avoid over correcting. Over correcting can lead to an unstable approach. Not something you want when you have nothing to reference outside.

As for the windy landings, utilize the vector indicator. This is the path that the aircraft will follow when you’re flying. If you put this on the runway, it should take you to the runway without issues. Just make sure that you are using rudder to take out any crab you may have.

If you’re unsure where to find these bolded terms take a look here:


Open the cockpit window and look out that should help!

But seriously just look at hud screen.

MaxSez: You Where In Violation of the FAR cited below. Devertion was your only option even with ILS Cat 1/3. There are old aviators and bold aviators but very few old bold aviators!



Will take a look! Thanks!

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That’s the stupidest answer I’ve ever heard.


The autopilot can be helpful. Once you’re established on the glidpath you could use it as an assistant for the V/S, for example. Then you’d only have to focus on your heading. It’s not very accurate but it can be helpful, especially when you don’t have a lot of practice

Do what @DeerCrusher said. It can be quite difficult but is pretty fun. Had to do manually land the 737 in 0 vis weather, not the best landing, but got it on the runway!

You are still in a Cat II approach so you can still land without autoland but you should be using your descent and alignment off of your Instruments (ILS glideslope and center alignment)

this gets me too but i use approach more.

as @DeerCrusher stated, the glideslope indicator and localizer needle are your friend. Make small minor corrections. I was always hesitant to try and land in low visibility until I learned to trust my instruments. Trust me it wasn’t without practice though. Patience, confidence and practice… Happy Landings (in low vis)…

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I suggest using your autopilot, vertical speed will depend on the airport, and use heading hold for your lateral course. I suggest not to disconnect the autopilot too late as it can be very difficult to land with AP.

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Its getting spicyyyyyy.

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