The Complete Infinite Flight Guide to San Francisco International Airport

The Complete Infinite Flight Guide to San Francisco International Airport


SFO_Logo


Image Source


CONTENTS:

1. Terminals, Airlines, and General Airport Information

1.1 About SFO

1.2 Comercial Terminals

1.3 Airlines

1.4 Cargo Ramp, FBO, and Maintenance Stands

2. Runways and Taxi Procedures

2.1 Runways

2.2 Runway Configurations

2.3 Taxi Procedures

3. Departure and Arrival Procedures

3.1 Departure Procedures

3.2 Arrival Procedures

3.3 Approach Procedures

4. Airspaces, Frequencies, and Nearby Airports

4.1 Airports in the Vicinity

4.2 Frequencies for IF

4.3 Diversion Airports

4.4 Bay Area Airspaces


1. Terminals, Airlines, and General Airport Information


1.1 About San Francisco International Airport

San Francisco International Airport is the primary commercial airport serving the San Francisco Bay Area. It is a hub for United Airlines and Alaska Airlines, and boasts many connections to Europe, Asia, and across the continental United States.

General Information
Class Bravo
Elevation 13 Feet
Runways 4
Terminals 4
Airlines 47

1.2 Commercial Terminals

Yellow: International Terminal: Concourse A
Red: Terminal 1
Green: Terminal 2
Blue: Terminal 3
Purple: International Terminal: Concourse G


1.3 Airlines

Terminal Airlines
International Terminal: Concourse A AeroMexico, Air France, Avianca, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, China Airlines, China Eastern, China Southern, El Al (Departures), Emirates, EVA Air, Finnair, Iberia, Japan Airlines, KLM, Korean Air, Level, Norwegian, Philippine Airlines, Qantas, Qatar, Virgin Atlantic, WestJet
Terminal 1 American, JetBlue, Southwest
Terminal 2 Alaska, Delta
Terminal 3 United(Domestic)
International Terminal: Concourse G Aer Lingus, Air Canada, Air China, Air India, Air New Zealand, Alaska, ANA, Asiana, Copa Airlines, El Al (Arrivals), EVA Air, Fiji Airways, Frontier, Hawaiian, Lufthansa, SAS, Singapore Airlines, Sun Country, Swiss International Air Lines, TAP Air Portugal, Turkish Airlines, United (International), WestJet

SFO is a hub for both United Airlines and Alaska Airlines. Some airlines use multiple terminals, please reference the table above for information. Terminals 1,2 and 3 are domestic, and the International Terminal serves all international flights to and from SFO.


1.4 Cargo Ramp, FBO, and Maintenance Stands

Red: FBO Ramp and GA Apron
Green: Maintenance Stands
Blue: Cargo Ramp

Note: Although there is a General Aviation Apron at SFO, light aircraft generally do not fly in and out, and it is unadvisable to fly a light aircraft at SFO on the Expert Server.


2. Runways and Taxi Procedures


2.1 Runways

Runway Dimensions (Feet) ILS
1L 7650 x 200 No
1R 8650 x 200 No
28L 11381 x 200 DME/ILS
28R 11870 x 200 DME/ILS CAT III
19L 8650 x 200 DME/ILS
19R 7650 x 200 No
10L 11870 x 200 No
10R 11381 x 200 No

RunwayMapSFO

Image Source


2.2 Runway Configurations

Regular Conditions (Common)

Most Domestic Departures use Runways 1L and 1R. Most International Departures use runways 28L and 28R. All arrivals land on runways 28L and 28R. Aircraft may land side by side on 28L and 28R in VFR conditions.

No Visual Conditions (Occasional)

Similar to regular conditions, but arrivals cannot land parallel on 28L and 28R, reducing the arrival capacity of the airport.

South-Southeasterly Wind Conditions (Rare)

Departures use runways 10L and 10R and arrivals use runways 19L. Not a common runway configuration. Arrivals must take into account that most arrival procedures are meant for regular configuration only.

Extreme Wind Condition Scenarios (Extremely Rare)

Scenario 1

Departures on 10L and 10R, and Arrivals on 10L and 10R. Arrivals should caution terrain on the San Bruno Gap on Final for 10L or 10R.

Scenario 2

Departures use runways 19L and 19R and Arrivals use runways 28L and 28R. Departures should caution terrain on initial climb.

Scenario 3

Departures use runways 1L and 1R. Arrivals use runways 1L and 1R. All arrivals must use the circle to land procedure due to terrain. Only in very extreme wind conditions will this configuration be used.


2.3 Taxi Procedures

Reference This Chart For All Taxiways and Procedures

Source: skyvector.com

The taxi procedures outlined in this guide are for Regular Conditions (See Section 2.2) runway configurations only. Taxi procedures for Runway configurations in rare conditions are not outlined in this guide.

Taxi Out Procedures

From International Terminal: Concourse A and Terminal 1

Departure Runway Taxi Route
1L M1-B-M1
1R M1-M2-A-A1
28L M1-M2-A-L-F
28R M1-M2-A-L-F-N-Cross 28L-Cross 28R-C

From Terminal 2

Departure Runway Taxi Route
1L A-B-M
1R A-B-A-A1
28L F-Cross 1L-Cross 1R-F
28R F-Cross 1L-Cross1R-N-Cross 28L-Cross 28R-C

From Terminal 3

Departure Runway Taxi Route
1L A-B-M
1R A-B-A-A1
28L A-F-Cross 1L-Cross 1R-F
28R A-F-Cross 1L-Cross1R-N-Cross 28L-Cross 28R-C

From International Terminal: Concourse G

Departure Runway Taxi Route
1L B-M
1R B-A-A1
28L B-F-Cross 1L-Cross 1R-F
28R B-Z-C-Cross 1L-Cross 1R-C

From Cargo Ramp and FBO Ramp

Departure Runway Taxi Route
1L C-Z-B-M
1R C-Z-B-A-A1
28L C-Z-B-F-Cross 1L-Cross 1R-F
28R C-Cross 1L-Cross 1R-C

Note: These procedures may not be completely realistic

Taxi In Procedures

To Terminals

Exit Runway 28L or 28R on T,D,Q, or R. If exited off 28R, Cross 28L with ATC Permission. Taxi to terminals via B-A.

To FBO Ramp or Cargo Ramp

Exit Runway 28L or 28R on K,U, or S. If exited off 28L, Cross 28R with ATC Permission. Taxi to FBO via C. Taxi to Cargo Ramp via C-Z.

Taxi Notes

ATC should minimize all runway crossings if possible. Aircraft should only be moving North on taxiway L and East on Taxiway F. Use Taxiway A to taxi around 1L and 1R when taxiing to 28L or 28R if possible.


3. Departure and Arrival Procedures


3.1 Departure Procedures

The procedures outlined in this guide are for the regular conditions runway configuration (See Section 2.2).

Departure Procedures for Regular Conditions Runway Configuration

Recommended Procedures in Bold

North/North East

NIITE3
SNTNA2
TRUKN2
MOLEN8
SFO4

South/South East

OFFSH2
SSTIK4
WESLA4

West

GAPP7
GNNRR2

Departure Notes

Departing off 1R/1L

If departing parallel with another aircraft, create IFR separation after reaching a stable airspeed. Do not cross the departure path of the parallel runway after takeoff (Departures off 1L turn North, Departures of 1R turn south.) Make sure your SID corresponds to your departure runway (Example: TRUNKN2 for 1R, SFO4 for 1L) because ATC will most likely not provide radar vectors on departure as is done IRL.

Departing off 28R/28L

Departures must maintain a minimum climb rate of 351 Feet per NM until 1300 feet due to terrain. Do not make any heading changes immediately after takeoff.


3.2 Arrival Procedures

The procedures outlined in this guide are for the regular conditions runway configuration (See Section 2.2).

Arrival Procedures for Regular Conditions Runway Configuration

Recommended Procedures in Bold

North

BDEGA3
PYE3
STINS3
RISTI1

East

DYAMD5
MOD9
YOSEM3

South

BSR3
SERFR4

West

PIRAT2

STAR Recommended Landing Runway
BDEGA3 28L
PYE3 28L
STINS3 28L
RISTI1 28R
DYAMD5 28R
MOD9 28R
YOSEM3 28R
BSR3 28L
SERFR4 28L
PIRAT2 28L

Arrival Notes

Some arrivals, such as the northern STARs, use Radar Vectors from the end of the STAR to an approach. The easiest way to mimic this in Infinite Flight is to use a few waypoints to get to an IAF of a corresponding landing runway to your STAR.


3.3 Approach Procedures

Regular Conditions

In the regular conditions runway configuration, landing runways will be 28R and 28L. This configuration will be in use for all but a few days a year at SFO. I28L and I28R are recommended approaches for this configuration. RNAV (GPS) approaches can be used also. There are also 2 Visual Approaches for 28L/28R. Charts can be found on skyvector.com.

SFO is well known for its parallel landings. To fly a parallel with another aircraft on 28L and 28R, both aircraft must fly a special PRM approach. Parallel approaches can only be done when visual separation can be maintained. Charts for these approaches are located here:

ILS PRM 28L

LDA PRM 28R

Charts Source: skyvector.com

South-Southeasterly Wind Conditions

When south-southeasterly winds occur, all aircraft will usually land on runway 19L. Recommended approach in this scenario is the I19L approach. Please note that if these conditions occur, you will have to select a STAR that serves runway 19L. Expect strong wind conditions if this configuration is in use. Note that Runway 19L is significantly shorter than runways 28R and 28L so make sure there is less room for error.

Extreme Wind Conditions

Scenario 1

All arrivals will be on runways 10L and 10R. Note that 10L and 10R are NOT equipped with ILS. Recommended approaches are R10L and R10RY. Caution terrain on the San Bruno Gap on final approach. Expect strong wind conditions.

Scenario 2

In this extreme wind conditions scenario, the departure runways change, while the arrival runways remain at 28L and 28R. Use Regular Conditions approach procedures listed above. Expect strong wind conditions.

Scenario 3

This is by far the rarest runway configuration scenario SFO ever uses, because it involved the circle-to-land procedure for 1L and 1R. Due to terrain, a straight in conventional approach cannot be flown for 1L and 1R. Therefore, aircraft must first start out on the ILS 28L approach, then perform a circle-to-land for 1R. Expect extreme wind conditions.


4. Airspaces, Frequencies, and Nearby Airports


4.1 Airports in the Vicinity

Nearby Airports (By Distance) Description and Important Information
Half Moon Bay Airport (KHAF) Municipal Airport. Caution arriving or departing traffic on initial climb off 28L or 28R.
San Carlos Airport (KSQL) Municipal Airport. Caution aircraft in right traffic pattern from KSQL on approach to 28L or 28R.
Metropolitan Oakland International Airport (KOAK) International Airport. Caution arriving or departing traffic on initial climb of 1L or 1R.
Hayward Executive Airport (KHWD) Executive Airport. Caution Departing Traffic on approach to 28L or 28R.
Palo Alto Airport (KPAO) Municipal Airport. Caution aircraft in right traffic pattern when turning final for 28L or 28R or when on approach for 28L and 28R.
Moffett Federal Airfield Airport (KNUQ) Military Airport. Caution departing traffic on approach to 28L or 28R.
Norman Y Mineta San Jose International Airport (KSJC) International Airport. Caution arriving or departing traffic on approach to 28L or 28R.

4.2 Frequencies for Infinite Flight

These Frequencies are only for INFINITE FLIGHT, they may not exist or may be different in the real world. This is not to be referenced for real world aviation.

Name Frequency
KSFO ATIS 113.70
KSFO ATIS 115.80
KSFO ATIS 118.85
KSFO Ground 121.80
KSFO Tower 120.50
Norcal Departure North West 120.90
Norcal Departure North West 135.10
Norcal Approach 134.50
Norcal Approach 128.32
Norcal Approach 133.95
Oakland Center 127.00
Oakland Center 128.00
Oakland Center 129.00

4.3 Diversion Airports

Metropolitan Oakland International Airport (KOAK)

Oakland is very close to SFO, and an ideal diversion in Infinite Flight. However, if extreme conditions exist at SFO, they will most likely exist at OAK as well.

Norman Y Mineta San Jose International Airport (KSJC)

SJC is a great diversion airport due to its proximity to SFO and long runways. SJC usually has calmer weather than SFO due to its location, but it isn’t far from SFO, and is a good diversion airport overall.

Sacramento International Airport (KSMF)

If the entire bay area is experiencing bad weather, Sacramento is the next closest major airport. Located Northeast of SFO, it is an ideal diversion because it isn’t far from the Bay Area, but it is far enough that the weather in the bay area might not affect the Sacramento region.

Los Angeles International Airport (KLAX)

This airport needs no introduction, and is one of the world’s busiest airports in Infinite Flight and IRL. LAX is great for a diversion because if adverse weather is affecting Northern California, it’s the closest major international airport. LAX has many facilities that can support large airliners, and is only about 1 hour away from SFO.


4.4 Bay Area Airspaces

The San Francisco bay area contains many airports, 3 of which are international airports. This leads to a complex set of airspaces to make sure that the airports don’t interfere with each other. This chart below can help show which airspaces are where in the complex set of airspaces in the Bay Area.

Chart Source: skyvector.com


Thank you for viewing this guide. If I made any mistakes or stated incorrect information, feel free to reply below and inform me, so that I can fix it. I hope that this guide will help as SFO is a popular airport in Infinite Flight, and hopefully this guide can help pilots navigate SFO in an easier and more efficient way. Once again, Thank you for viewing this guide,


This guide is meant for the Infinite Flight Simulator. This guide is not to be referenced or used for any type of real world aviation, including but not limited to Commercial Flying, Air Traffic Controlling, and Airport Management. This guide may not be 100% accurate or realistic.


This guide was created by @Mukundan_Srivatsa

44 Likes

You have received the San Francisco Airport Seal of Approval

8 Likes

Thank you!

1 Like

One of the best guides out there. Nice formatting, easy to read, loads of great information. Great job!

1 Like

Very informational and amazing formatting! Thank you, been looking around for this.

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Thanks @tunamkol and @Pilot.Nilesh

Nice tutorial!!

1 Like

Giving this topic a little bump. SFO will be staffed for some parts of the day tomorrow for IFATC at home. Use this if you have any realism or efficiency queries!

This is good and all but there is still no Southwest parking at SFO :(
In infinite flight

Use gates B22-B28

I agree!

Also great job with giving taxi instructions, ppl always go the wrong way to 1R so annoying lmao.
Thanks for making this, hopefully it’ll help some users out! :)

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Very great guide, thanks for making this!

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Giving this another bump. SFO will be open tomorrow for IFATC at home. Please use this guide to help with procedures if needed.

Amazing thread!

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What I don’t understand is why Terminal 1 is still half-missing and the gates still have their old numbers in Infinite Flight…

2 Likes

IFAET needs better satellite imagery I believe

2 Likes

But what about the new gate numbers - theres loads of images with those on…

2 Likes

I’m not sure, if there’s no satellite imagery that can’t do anything

2 Likes

The airport is currently being reworked with the new terminal 1.

1 Like

Thank you!