Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport is the primary international airport serving the Mumbai Metropolitan Area, India. It is the second biggest airport in India in terms of total and international traffic after Delhi and was the 14th busiest busiest airport in Asia and the 28th biggest airport in the world by passenger traffic in the year 2017. In March 2017, the airport surpassed London’s Gatwik International Airport to become the busiest airport in the world to operate using a single runway.
The airport has three operating terminals spread over a total land area of 750 hectares, and handles about 950 aircraft movements per day.It handled a record 51 movements in one hour on 16 September 2014. Along with IGI Delhi, it was adjudged the “World’s Best Airport” at Airport Service Quality Awards 2017 in the highest category of airports handling more than 40 million passengers annually by Airports Council International. It has also won the “Best Airport in India and Central Asia” award at the Skytrax 2016 World Airport Awards. In the financial year 2020, the Mumbai Airport handled 45.87 million passengers, only second to IGI’s 67.3 million in India.
Terminal 1, locally known as Santacruz Airport , is used for domestic flights primarily operated by low-cost carriers. This was the original Santacruz building that was Mumbai’s first passenger terminal which was once integrated, however was renamed Terminal 1 after the opening of the Sahar building for international operations and became a domestic operations terminal. It was refurbished several times over the decades, the most recent being during the 2000s. It was further divided into Terminals 1A, 1B, and 1C after their permanent closure during the late 1990s and early 2000s. It was used by SpiceJet, GoAir, and IndiGo, but after Jet Airways dissolved on 17 April 2019, select flights from all the Terminal 1B airlines moved into the newer T2 building. The terminal has 11 passenger boarding bridges. MIAL renamed Terminal 1B to T1 in January 2017 to help fliers identify it easily.
Larsen and Tourbo(L&T) was awarded the contract to construct the new Terminal 2, better known as T2, to differentiate it from the older Terminal 2 building. Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) was the architectural designer of the project. SOM also provided the schematic design of structure and MEP and the detailed structural design of the roof. Detailed design of the foundations and the rest of the structure and civil works, the MEP, IT and airport systems, including the full construction documentation of the project was carried out by L&T’s in-house design team, EDRC (Engineering Design and Research Center). The terminal covers a land area of 210,000 square metres and has replaced the previous International Terminal (which has already been demolished). The entire project was estimated to cost ₹98 billion (US$1.4 billion) and employ over 12,000 workers. The X-shaped terminal has a total floor area of 450,000 square metres across four floors and handles both domestic and international passengers. It includes new taxiways and apron areas for aircraft parking designed to cater to 40 million passengers annually. The structure has boarding gates on two piers extending southwards from a central processing building featuring a 42-metre-high roof employing over 20,000 metric tonnes of fabricated steel covering 30 acres. However, the eastern pier of T2 remains truncated due to non-clearance of slums in the adjoining plot, giving an asymmetrical look when seen from above. The new T2 building operates Multiple Aircraft Ramp System (MARS) stands and swing gates, so that a single stand can accommodate either one wide body aircraft or two narrow body aircraft, in either domestic or international configuration.
The new terminal has around 21,000 square meters of retail space, lounges and travel services, over 5,000 square meters of landscaping and a multi-level car park for 5,000 cars. It has 192 check-in counters and 60 immigration counters for departing passengers, and 14 baggage carousels and 76 immigration counters for arriving passengers. To transfer passengers across its four levels, the building has 48 escalators and 75 elevators. The terminal also features 42 travelators. In the initial phase of development, the apron adjoining T2 provides a total of 48 stands including 3 Code F stands (for the A380). In the final phase of development, a total of 38 Code E/F contact stands, 14 Code E/F remote stands and 20 Code C remote stands are provided (total 72 stands).