Good afternoon all,
I hope everyone is well.
I am fairly new to IF (6 months or so), and have been lurking in this forum for around the same time. Having taken a strong interest in all things aviation, more specifically commercial aircraft, I am looking for some answers to questions that I simply just cannot answer myself.
My knowledge of aircraft is basic at most, and although IF has helped me learn what various aviation/aircraft related terms mean, I still struggle with some things that seem like they should be “easy”.
I hope you all don’t mind me asking these questions, and if you could supply links to articles already on this forum that would help me, that would be amazing!
When taking off (Airbus A319 / Embraer E-170), I usually have my flaps set to “Flaps 1 or Flaps 2”. Sometimes the aircraft will veer off to the left or right during V1 (not sure if this is the correct term). Am I doing something wrong or is this due to a crosswind etc. Even if I keep my HDG set to the middle of the runway, it will still veer off to one side. This does not happen all the time.
When coming in to my approach (landing), I always seem to be slightly off with my altitude and direction towards the runway. Are there any tricks or tips in order for me to time these both perfectly. I know some people write about APPR or something, but I’m not sure what it does or how it can help me?
When talking to ATC, I can successfully navigate my way from the Apron/Gate to my chosen runway, but have never understood the difference between “Remaining in the pattern” and “Departing Straight Out / East” Etc. What are the difference and what should I be using?
Trim… What is Trim and should I be using it? I have around 40 hours of flight time and still use the Casual Server (too scared to move up) and have always landed and flown successfully without using Trim. I think it is to do with the nose of the aircraft but I am unable to see when I would use it.
Aircraft Speed. I have noticed that my aircraft speed at 32,000/34,000 ft (350 kts) is far greater than when I’m at 15,000 ft. Why is this?
Aircraft speed when landing. I know that below 10,000 ft there is a speed violation for anything over 250 kts. I am struggling sometimes to time my approach to get my speed down to an appropriate landing speed of around 170/190 kts. Are there any tips to do this?
Flaps when landing. Whenever I use full flaps, and try to up my speed slightly in order to reach the runway, when using the power bar on the left to increase speed, the aircraft gains around 500/1000 ft. Should I be using full flaps to land or less?
Once again, apologies for the long questions, I have wanted to ask these for a while and thought you guys could help me out. Also apologies for being so much of a newbie! Thanks guys, I look forward to your responses.