Miami International Airport || A History

Miami Intl Airport is the largest and main airport for Aviation operations in the state of Florida, the Field is situated in between the Cities of Hialeah, Miami Springs, Miami, Doral, and Fountainbleau. The Field has four runways
8L/26R 8600FT
8R/26L 10,506 FT
9/27 13,016 FT
12/30 9,355 FT

Miami International Airport is one of the busiest airports in the United States in Terms of International Flights’s and Cargo, the airport serves as a hub for…

American Airlines
Eastern Airlines
Miami Air International
XTRA Airways
Atlas Air
Centurion Air Cargo
FedEx Express
IBC Airways
UPS Airlines

Airport Terminals
The Airport has six concourses, Concourse D, E, F, G, H, and J.

Concourse D is the largest concourse at Miami, serving as the main terminal for American Airlines which has a hub set up at Miami International Airport, Concourse D is also shared with the One World Alliance, Airlines like Qatar Airways and British Airways will use Concourse D as parking for their Flights, Concourse D has 51 Gates and is 1.2 Miles Long or around 3,600,000 Square Feet.

Concourse E was the first International Terminal in Miami International Airport, The concourse has 18 gates and is Capable of Handling the Airbus A380 Super Jumbo. Concourse E also Serves the One World Alliance with the airlines FinnAir, Iberia, British Airways, Qatar Airways, and some American Airlines Flight’s. Concourse E is also connected with Concourse D, The concourse also has a lounge for Elite One World Members.

Concourse F has 19 Gates, The Concourse used to serve Northwest Airlines Until the Merger with Delta, Delta now uses this Terminal to operate there flights in and out of MIA. The Concourse also has some international gates and is part of the central terminal.

Concourse G has 15 gates and is the only concourse in the Airport that has no International Gates, It does have International Charters Serving it though.

Concourse H has 13 gates, it serves the SkyTeam Alliance, AeroMexico, Air France, Alitalia, and KLM will use these gates for their long haul flights.

Concourse J is the newest Terminal built recently in 2007, Concourse J has 15 Gates and the Terminal Serves Star Alliance Members, The concourse also has an A380 Capable Gate which Lufthansa has two daily A380 Jets operating there.

The History
The first airport on the site of MIA opened in the 1920s and was known as Miami City Airport. Pan American World Airways opened an expanded facility adjacent to City Airport, Pan American Field, in 1928. Pan American Field was built on 116 acres of land on 36th Street and was the only mainland airport in the eastern United States that had port of entry facilities. Its runways were located around the threshold of today’s Runway 26R. Eastern Airlines began to serve Pan American Field in 1931, followed by National Airlines in 1936. National used a terminal on the opposite side of LeJeune Road from the airport, and would stop traffic on the road in order to taxi aircraft to and from its terminal. Miami Army Airfield opened in 1943 during the Second World War to the south of Pan American Field: the runways of the two were originally separated by railroad tracks, but the two airfields were listed in some directories as a single facility.Following World War II in 1945, the City of Miami established a Port Authority and raised bond revenue to purchase Pan American Field, which had been since renamed 36th Street Airport, from Pan Am. It merged with the former Miami Army Airfield, which was purchased from the United States Army Air Force south of the railroad in 1949 and expanded further in 1951 when the railroad line itself was moved south to make more room. The old terminal on 36th Street was closed in 1959 when the center modern passenger terminal (since greatly expanded) opened. United States Air Force Reserve troop carrier and rescue squadrons also operated from the airport from 1949 through 1959, when the last unit relocated to nearby Homestead Air Force Base, (now Homestead Air Reserve Base).

Nonstop flights to Chicago and Newark Liberty International Airport in northeast New Jersey started in late 1946, but nonstops didn’t reach west beyond St. Louis and New Orleans until January 1962. Nonstop transatlantic flights to Europe began in 1970. In the late 1970s and early 1980s Air Florida had a hub at MIA, with a nonstop flight to London, England which it acquired from National upon the latter’s merger with Pan Am. Air Florida ceased operations in 1982 after the crash of Air Florida Flight 90. British Airways flew a Concorde SST (supersonic transport) triserial between Miami and London via Washington, D.C. (Dulles International Airport) from 1984 to 1991.

After former Apollo 8 astronaut Frank Norman became president of Eastern Airlines in 1975, he moved Eastern’s headquarters from Rockefeller Center in New York City to Building 16 in the northeast corner of MIA, Eastern’s maintenance base. Eastern remained one of the largest employers in the Miami metropolitan area until ongoing labor union unrest, coupled with the airline’s acquisition by union antagonist Frank Lorenzo in 1986, ultimately forced the airline into bankruptcy in 1989.
In the midst of Eastern’s turmoil American Airlines CEO Bob Crandall sought a new hub in order to utilize new aircraft which AA had on order. AA studies indicated that Delta Air Lines would provide strong competition on most routes from Eastern’s hub at Atlanta Hartsfield International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia, but that MIA had many key routes only served by Eastern. American announced that it would establish a base at MIA in August 1988. Lorenzo considered selling Eastern’s profitable Latin American routes to AA as part of a Chapter 11 reorganization of Eastern in early 1989, but backed out in a last-ditch effort to rebuild the MIA hub. The effort quickly proved futile, and American purchased the routes (including the route authority between Miami and London then held by Eastern sister company Continental Airlines) in a liquidation of Eastern which was completed in 1990. Later in the 1990s, American transferred more employees and equipment to MIA from its failed domestic hubs at Nashville, Tennessee and Raleigh–Durham, North Carolina. Today Miami is American’s largest air freight hub and is the main connecting point in the airline’s north–south international route network.

Pan American World Airways (“Pan Am”), the other longtime key carrier at MIA, was acquired by Delta Air Lines in 1991, but filed for bankruptcy shortly thereafter. Its remaining international routes from Miami to Europe and Latin America were sold to United Airlines for $135 million as part of Pan Am’s emergency liquidation that December. United maintained a Latin American hub at MIA through the 1990s but ended flights from Miami to South America, and shut down its Miami crew base, in May 2004, reallocating most Miami resources to its main hub in O’Hare International Airport in Chicago, Illinois.

MIA in 1999
Stricter visa requirements for aliens in transit (a result, in part, of the “9 -11” September 11, 2001 attacks) have lessened MIA’s role as an intercontinental connecting hub, but it remains the most important hub between Europe and Latin America. In 2004 Iberia Airlines ended its hub in Miami, opting to run more direct flights from Spain to Central America. Today, more European carriers serve Miami International Airport than any other airport in the United States, except John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York.

American Airlines, American Eagle, Delta Air Lines, Miami Air, Sky King Airlines, and United Airlines all operate regular flights between MIA and several airports in Cuba, one of a few airports with direct airlink between the two nations. However, these flights must be booked through agents with special authorization from the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the United States Department of the Treasury, and are only generally available to government officials, journalists, researchers, professionals attending conferences, or expatriates visiting Cuban family.

Source

This Airport means the world to me as I live in Miami, I live 2 miles from the airport and aircraft just come roaring above my house every few minutes. Thank you for reading the topic!

Warm Regards,
305.

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I must say great job copying from Wikipedia without those references [1]

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Just the history, the rest is warm blood and warm tears of typing my fingers out ;)

Chris Nice Job Man! Always giving out to the community! Glad to know more about KMIA!

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