MaxSez: I post this Topic having noted the PAPI, which is used on IF Runways exclusively is rarely mentioned in a majority of “Approach & Landing” technique threads this week. Understanding & Using the PAPI on Final which is a primarily visual aid even in IMC is a must! The slogan/nemonic in the Topic is worth remembering and the video link below sez it all.
Additionally, to much emphasis was placed on the use of the Rudder alone for Final Alignment in all conditions during takeoff and landing this month. Alignment on the centerline is Acquired by the use of both the “Rudder & Ailerons”. Rudder use corrects lateral movement alone and does not correct for wind effects particular cross & quartering winds. Ailerons deflected down in the direction of prevailing wind, cross or quartering coupled with Rudder deflections insures a “coordinated” Flight Path on both Landing and take off, Practice alignment coordination particularly for Slips & Crab alignment corrections.
Finally, a Touch Down is a 2 Step Procedure, it is not a “FLARE” only. Touch Downs require a “Round Out” then “Flare”. (ROUND OUT= Wings Level (De-Crab/Slip), a Flare then allows Rear Wheel/Doggie Touch Down First in a tricycle gear aircraft & Mains for a tail dragged.
(The Video Below discusses the Precision Approach Path Indicator(PAPI) which is a visual aid that provides guidance information to help a pilot acquire and maintain the correct approach (in the vertical plane) to an airport. It’s generally located on the left-hand side of IF runways at approximately 300 meters beyond the landing threshold.)
Practice makes Perfect, Regards All, MaxSends