How to fly a (visual) pattern

You shouldn´t have to worry then.

But I do I’ve worked hard for it but needed some help on the topic thank all for the answers 👏


This really is a great tutorial!


How do I not over shoot the center line when coming out of a pattern turn? I have a hard time with that.

IRL we use, half X gs for the distance to make your turn to final but this doesn’t work on IF as there is no distance to the centerline available so its just practice and practice ;)

Really nice tutorial. My only question would be roughly how long should your crosswind be? I tend to turn to downwind too early and have to make sharp turn to base

Make a standard turn from the departure leg to crosswind level out the wings then start your turn again it’s a basic turn around a point your trying to accomplish there. Then your base will be a little longer level as your slower. @AUblake

Do I have to turn if I am is on the left of the runway but the downind is on the right. How does the turn work

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I need to bump this again for the new guys.

15 minutes on TS1 and the lack of pattern knowledge (one of the most basic aspects of aviation) was absurd. Confusing left/right, announcing remaining in the pattern but departing the airspace, announcing wrong positions, departures against the already current pattern flow (a person was even a grade 4)!!!


Agreed. Moderators, maybe pin this? Thanks


And I used to request departing in a pattern because I thought there were a lot other planes in front of me… facepalm.

At least you know how to fly one now!

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How much max. Distance is allowed for crosswind, downwind and the base?

Notice in the diagram that the headings are at 90 degree increments from runway heading. “Aimlessly wandering about the airspace” is not a heading.

If you intend to remain in the pattern and land consistently, you need to stay at pattern altitude. This is not 8000 ft AGL. In IF, we use 1000 for GA, 1500 commercial. That means you climb to that altitude and stop. You do not form some sort of sine wave, climbing to 10k so you can bust out the 300 KIAS for 2 seconds before descending again.

If you want to get in before that arrival coming in behind you 15 miles out, I suggest you stay low, and turn base at the appropriate time. This is not at the end of the cone. If that’s your game plan, you’re gonna hear “cancel landing clearance” a lot.

This is especially important if you are in pattern with another aircraft. The other pilot, who is at the right altitude and the right heading, doesn’t want to follow you to Boston from New York because pattern work befuddles you. Stay low, turn base. 90 degree heading incremental changes between legs.

If you are unsure of how to do this, please read this wonderful tutorial, watch the video tutorial, and practice…perhaps not at the most crowded airfield you can find, until you know what you’re doing.

A couple other notes:

“Going around” does not mean “I just landed and am doing another circuit.”

Number one, cleared for the option does not mean “switch to approach without permission and request ILS approach.”


I’m not gonna lie when I first started flying in IF back in 2015 I thought that too
My understanding of atc has grown a lot since then 😂

For GA aircraft is pattern altitude 1500 ft AAL or lower?

1000 AGL for GA; 1500 commercial

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Thank you, very helpful indeed!

Really nice. Thank you a lot.