I’m not quite sure myself if the cold itself will hinder a plane from taking off other than cold weather bring a lot of other dilemmas. If the temperature goes below -0 Celsius, you’ll see ice building up on the wings of an plane. Therefore we in North, have de-icing, which takes time, ultimately leading to delayed flights or even in extreme cases cancelled flights. Ice on the wings, can jam the flaps, the ailerons and ice on the tail can jam the rudder.
Scandinavian Airlines Flight 751, Crashed after taking off from Stockholm on a cold winter morning, the cause was that de-icing has been poorly done and the ice had come lose when the plane got airborne, which the icicle parts got sucked in to the engines causing them to malfunction.
Then the cold brings snow, in the northern hemisphere where it snows, Scandinavian, Canada, many part of USA, and Russia + Japan and South Korea, the snow can make flights be delayed or cancelled.
But if the cold temperature itself is a issue for flights, I wouldn’t think it is much of a bummer, since all commercial jets go through rigorous weather condition tests before been certified, safe to use commercially, for the passengers’ safety.