Hey there folks and aviation enthusiasts!
Seems that tomorrow we have a featured event across the Balearic Islands and Europe!
The events hub is gonna be LEPA, and we expect it to be very very packed, so today I bring here a guide for better flow:
A guide for Palma de Mallorca airport
Well, from what should I start? Let’s talk about runway configuration: currently, LEPA has a preferential configuration for the East runways (24L and R) Actually, in real life, most arrivals are fitted into 24L while most departures being sent to 24R, but this technique does not work especially well with traffic, so most probably ATC will keep the flow for arrivals and departures to both runways.
Reading the current TAF for LEPA seems that the wind direction will be favourable to the West runways (06L and R) but I highly recommend and encourage to not use that runway configuration unless there is more than 10kts of a tailwind component, due to the fact that the HSE (High-Speed Exits) are made to face 24s, not 06s, causing turn from 90 to 120º degrees, subsequently reducing the speed of the exit, more time aircraft will stay on the runway and more separation needed between Arrivals.
Talking about runway exits, Palma de Mallorca Airport has a helpful layout for runways 24R and 24L.
Below I created a table with the runway exits that their use implies a better flow and a quicker exit from the runway
|Runways||Recommended exits||Optional exits|
|24L||S1 & S2||H8|
|24R||N4||N5 & N6|
|06L||N2 & N3|
|06R||H9 & H10||S1|
Here I upload pictures of each configuration that may locate the mentioned taxiways.
The green marks refer to recommended exits and the yellow ones do the same with optional exits
I need to clarify that at LEPA intersection departures should be allowed at all times, and its ground responsibility to ensure the aircraft do not request departure from a taxiway used for exit
Below I create a table stating the main holding points for each runway configuration
|Runways||Recommended holding points|
|24L||H9 & H10|
|24R||H1, H2 & N1|
|06L||H4 & H5|
|06R||S3, H8, H7 & H6|
I link here another two images for locating on the airport those holding points
Departure procedures (SIDs)
LEPA airport is plenty of SIDs, but here is a list of the recommended and optional SIDs for both runways
|Runways||Recommended SIDSs||Optional SIDs|
|24L & 24R||BAVE3A, DRAG2A, EPAM2A, ESPO2A, GALA2A, NELU1A||ISTE1G, ISTE2A, MEBU2G, MEBU3A, MERO3A, MORS3A,|
|06L & 06R||BAVE2S (06L), BAVE2T (06R), DRAG3N (06L), DRAG3R (06R), EPAM2N (06L), EPAM2R (06R), ESPO3N (06L), ESPO3R (06R), GALA3N (06L), GALA3R (06R)||BAVE3B (06R), MEBU3B (06R)|
Attention: This is a list of recommended procedures, you are still subject to receiving violations. Most common reasons are interfering with other aircraft. Be responsible, do not follow a SID from the south just before Take off from 24R, I suggest flying straight out until the end of the opposite runway approach cone, and then you can follow the SID.
Arrival procedures (STARs)
Same with the arrival procedures, here you can see the recommended and the optional ones
|24L & 24R||GODO3P, LAMP2P, MEBU3P, OSGA3P, RUXE2P||LORE1K, MAME1M, RIXO1K|
|06L & 06R||GODO3M, LAMP2M, LORE1R, OSGA3M, RUXE2M, TOLS1R||MORS2J, RIXO1J|
Nothing really concerning here, recommend using any type of ILS or, RNAV approach for your designed runway that has a transition from your selected STAR.
Here I upload a picture for each different configuration to increase the functionality of the airport with respect to ground movements.
The blue lines refer to arrival traffic, while the white lines do the same to departing traffic.
Aircraft located on the red square may not receive a pushback immediately due to the presence of arrivals that may conflict with them
I really think that the hardest frequency to control will be the ground one, I encourage all the controllers to maintain a very high positive control over the layout, with the use of give way commands and progressive taxi instructions when necessary.
This is a guide based on only recommendations, controllers are still perfectly able to manage the airport at their discretion and modify the procedures used in this guide. Violations appeals cant be based on this guide as its only recommendation and the active controller has the final decision of implementing it or not.
Thank you for reading this! I hope to see you at the event!!!