Jorge Wilstermann International Airport (SLCB/CBB)
Bolivia is one of two landlocked countries in South America. Having lost it’s access to the Pacific Ocean after the War of the Pacific in 1884. However, in more recent times, agreements with neighbouring countries has since allowed an indirect access to both the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean, aiding in the facilitation of trade with other countries. Moreover, trade with neighbouring countries has continued to be a significant trading partner, with Argentina and Brazil being the largest partners of Bolivia.
Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport (SCEL/SCL)
Chile occupies a long, narrow strip of land along the Andes mountain range to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The country also occupies the southernmost point of the continent and is the closest to Antarctica among all countries that lay claim on the uninhabited continent. Chile also annexed Easter Island in the 1800s, and all citizens of the island later received Chilean citizenship. It is home to some of the most intricate cave systems in the world, as well as Moai monoliths up to about 165 tons in weight.
Antigua and Barbuda attract thousands of sailers every year at the Antigua Sailing Week. In it, there are often parties, races and exhibitions which are known to be one of the most famous in the world. Along with sailing, Antigua and Barbuda are perhaps most famous for their white beaches, sunny weather and top-quality resorts. Cricket is also an incredibly popular sport on the island, with one of the most famous cricket batsmen of all time in Sir Viv Richards being native to the island of Antigua and Barbuda.
Controlling in my 132nd country, and therefore, past the half way mark, Pointe-à-Pitre International Airport was the perfect place to be. Boasting rich natural and cultural history, the Creole and French inhabited island is actually a part of France, where even travellers from France and the Schengen Zone are free to travel to the island just as they are within the Schengen Zone in Europe. Thus, airlines operating from France to overseas territories could well be considered to be one of the longest domestic flights in the world.
Silvio Pettirossi International Airport (SGAS/ASU)
Paraguay is the second of two landlocked countries in South America that I’ve controlled in. Not to mention, while it is a landlocked country, has the largest navy of all landlocked country. However, there is still access to the ocean through the Rio Panara or Parana River which flows through Argentina and Brazil. In addition, the river access allows Paraguay to take advantage of hydroelectric power, with 99.9% of the country’s power being produced by hydroelectric means.
Uruguay’s name comes from the Uruguay river, and while it starts in Brazil and ends in Argentina, it flows through Uruguay and hence, adopted its name. Uruguay is well known for many reasons, however, one of which may include President José Mujica who is thought tome the poorest president in the world Having donated most of his income to charitable causes, he owns a 1987 Volkswagen Beetle and said that he would donate a million dollars if someone would pay a million dollars for his car.
Portugal could often be seen as a friendly little giant on the world stage. A small coastal nation with a population of just over 10 million, you wouldn’t think that this country would have been one of the most powerful country in the world just a couple hundred years ago. However, having mastered the ocean, it has since gone on to spread its influence to various countries around the world, and was the first to have circumnavigated around the world with the sailor Ferdinand Magellan.
Rio de Janeiro/Galeão International Airport (SBGL/GIG)
To the fifth largest country by land area and sixth largest country by population in the world, Brazil is the largest Portuguese speaking country that borders all countries in South America except for Chile and Ecuador. Being some of the most successful country in the FIFA World Cup with 5 wins in the tournament, Brazilians take their football incredibly seriously with legends like Pelé, Garrincha, Roberto Carlos, as well as people like Ronaldinho and Neymar in more recent times.
Ministro Pistarini International Airport (SAEZ/EZE)
To a major footballing rival country of Brazil, Argentina has also incorporated football as a major part of its culture. Plenty of the world’s greatest football players such as the likes of Diego Maradona, Angel di Maria, Sergio Aguero, Diego Simione and perhaps the most famous of them all, Lionel Messi. However, looking away from football, Argentina is the birthplace of the world’s most famous freedom fighter, Che Guevara.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon is a little known island off the coast of Newfoundland, this island to this very day is still technically a part of France. It has a unique history, with plenty of high profile visitors for various reasons throughout its history, however, some of the most famous visitors may include the infamous mobster, Al Capone. This island then became a well known alcohol smuggling port, with millions of litres of beverages flowing through it every year.
Montserrat is a rugged, mountainous island that was formed due to volcanic activity. The pear shaped island is also commonly known as the “Emerald Isle of the Caribbean” due to the large Irish immigrant population. Not to mention, the volcanic activity in Montserrat has also made the island infamous in the region, having since left Plymouth a ghost town as a result of pyroclastic flow casing major devastation to the settlement.
Falkland Islands was the conflict site between Argentina and the United Kingdom. In 1982, the Argentinian forces invaded the island, leading to a 10 week conflict between the British and the Argentinian forces. Since the Falklands War, the Falkland Islands has operated as a self-governing territory of the United Kingdom Overseas Territory, and does serve as a gateway to the South Pole. In more recent times, Lufthansa has operated an A350-900 filled with researchers who were travelling to the South Pole.
Unfortunately, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands does not have any airports, which is why I elected to open at RAF Mount Pleasant, which is the closest airport that I could find. This island, quite like the Falkland Islands, is claimed by both the British and Argentinian, and has a climate which is very similar to Antarctica. Snow capped mountains are a common sight, as well as a barren, tundra lands that cover the remaining bits of the island. The island has no permanent population, however, scientific explorations has been a big part of the history of the island, with a small group of scientists commonly making the trip down when the weather permits.
The Northern Mariana Islands are a group of 14 inhabited islands that has a population of just over 50,000 people. It was the site of the Battle of Saipan in the second world war, and known as the Pacific D-Day. This operation was part of a much larger goal of establishing the presence of the Allied Forces in the Pacific region, an area under heavy Japanese control at the time.
Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport (PGUM/GUM)
Guam is the westernmost point territory of the United States of America, it is also the southernmost island in the Mariana Islands. It has had a predominantly Spanish colonial heritage, not to mention it has a very important role in recent history, especially so during the second world war. Its primary industry is military-related, with the United States maintaining a strong military presence through Guam, though tourism has seen an increase over the years, with its location in the tropical region being popular for those who wish to seek warmer weather.